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Damage generally becomes evident in July and August when temperatures get hot and drought conditions become more prevalent. Chinch bugs thrive on dryness. The patches continue to expand outward and the turf eventually dies, regardless of irrigation. Chinch bug infestations and damage are most often first noticed during hot dry periods in sunny areas of the lawn. Nymphs are born yellow, then turn red with a light-colored band across the abdomen. These summertime pests always show up in the hottest, sunniest parts of the yard, and there’s not a hotter place in … Other host plants include Bermudagrass , bahiagrass , centipedegrass and zoysiagrass . In this video, Houston Grass Owner Michael Romine talks about how to identify chinch bug damage in your lawn and treatments you can use to kill the chinch bugs. Check for chinch bugs as described sometime during the next two weeks (early September). Chinch bug damage In your St. Augustine lawn, look for yellow or brown chinch bug -damaged areas found first in the hotter, drier parts of your landscape. Don't over-fertilize. Be sure to choose a product that is labeled for chinch bugs. Chinch bugs, true bugs in the order Hemiptera, can cause significant damage to Midwest lawns, especially in areas that tend to be hot and dry in summer. Chinch bug damaged areas often coalesce into large patches of dead, brown grass. Adding new sod can fill in any dead, patchy areas to bring your lawn back to looking its best. If you suspect a chinch bug infestation, inspect your yard and treat with an insecticide. This kills the grass plant. Remember, chinch bugs damage is often confused with drought damage. Managing Southern Chinch Bug in Warm Season Turfgrasses 2 3 to 4 generations per year. Chinch bugs grow to about 1/4" in length, are black and white in color, and their wings form a distinctive folded design. The best approach to treating chinch bugs is a 2 step method by applying a granular insecticide like Bifen LP, Wisdom, or Talstar, and then spray the lawn with Cyonara or Bug … Their damage is caused when they suck the juices from grass blades and inject toxins back into the leaf blade. Southern chinch bug activity occurs from March through November in north-central Florida and is year-round in southern Florida. Chinch bug infestations often are spotty and may be restricted to certain lawns or parts of lawns. They prefer bentgrasses, but will attack many other lawn grasses like bluegrass and varieties of red fescue. Chinch bugs are most active when it’s warm, but may cause damage year-round, particularly in South Florida. There are two species of chinch bugs in the U.S.: Hairy Chinch Bugs: prefer northern turfgrasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, and fescues. Chinch Bug Damage Post by Armold » Mon Jun 03, 2019 1:59 pm I was spraying weeds the other day in my Bermuda lawn and noticed these guys hanging out in the yard. According to Health Canada, chinch bugs are attracted to lawns with excess nitrogen. Chinch bug nymphs and adults cause significant feeding damage by removing plant fluids and by injecting a toxin that causes the grass to yellow, turn reddish brown, and eventually die. Chinch Bugs in Tulsa. St. Augustine grass is the most seriously injured, but other lawn grasses, including zoysia, bermuda, bahia, and centipede grasses, also are subject to attack. The damage caused by chinch bugs appears quickly in hot weather. Chinch Bugs feed on the sap of St Augustine grass and inject a toxin that prevents the movement of water in the plant. Along your driveway and sidewalks, your grass blades wilt, turn yellow-brown, then dry out and die. If you've checked for chinch bugs and are still not sure you have them, call a professional. Immature chinch bugs can be spotted due to their bright red color and a white band across their backs. The lawn can grow back even after chinch bug damage. Damage Chinch Bugs feed on many lawn grasses, but especially St. Augustinegrass and Zoysiagrass. These insects produce a strong odor, especially in … This likely is chinch bug damage. At Duda Sod, we have a vast range of sod types for sale in Florida, including St. … Natural methods of pest control and lawn health maintenance are an excellent response to chinch bugs. Chinch bug damage and take-all root rot can easily also get mistaken for each other, so be sure to know the differences between these problems and how to address them before you start chinch bug treatment. Detection of significant numbers of the insects themselves is the best proof that chinch bugs are the cause of the damage. It’s important to remember that not all brown grass indicates a chinch bug infestation. Damage to lawn caused by chinch bugs. Occurrence/Damage Identification Monitoring Photo Chinch Bugs Prefers St. Augustine Can also feed on Bermuda, Bahia, Centipede, and Zoysia, but damage is not usually severe. Damage Southern chinch bugs can rapidly damage a lawn and cause widespread plant death. Photo credit: Dave Smitley, MSU. Treating Chinch Bugs. They live and breed in arid, hot, and sunny environments; and they cause the most damage during the hottest and driest months of the year. Killing them early will help prevent damage to your lawn later. Damage Typical injury appears as spreading patches of brown, dead grass. Chinch bugs eat the sap of grass plants, leaving yellowed and dead areas. And depending on the location, one to several generations of chinch bugs can occur each year. If chinch bugs have done significant damage to your lawn, watering may not be enough to restore it. CHINCH BUG CONTROL PROGRAMME. Chinch bugs can cause major damage by poisoning your lawn. How can you identify chinch bug damage in your Houston area lawn? The suggested economic threshold for chinch bug is 15 to 20 insects per square foot. Chinch bug damage on a St. Augustine lawn. If you live in an area with a lot of chinch bug activity you may have to re-apply in spring and fall to keep the population at manageable levels. Chinch bugs feed by sucking the sap from the crown and stems of turf grasses. Chinch bug damage can look a lot like drought stress, especially since the little critters usually chow down on your lawn when it’s really hot. The female deposits eggs behind lower leaf sheaths and at the crowns of plants, especially where stands are thin. True chinch bug adults are about ⅓" (8½ mm) long, and usually black with white wings (though they change colors several times as nymphs). If you suspect you have chinch bugs, inspect the border between the brown and green grass for the tiny, black-and-white adults or orange nymphs. Please call us at 281-431-7441 if you need more information. When planning chinch bug damage repair, consider a combination of grass seed types that are resistant to insects and pests. Habitat and Food Source(s), Damage: St. Augustine grass is the primary host of the southern chinch bug. Wilting and browning grass often indicates drought conditions, but a chinch bug infestation mimics this same turf stress. Damage Once daytime temperatures reach 70°F (21°C) during the spring, the mature bug flies into a small grain fields. You can still check for chinch bug damage to lawns now, even though most of the damage is over for this year. Chinch Bug Characteristics. With most of the damage in open, sunny areas, this may be mistaken for drought damage. Nymphal and adult stages have sucking mouthparts with which they draw sap from the grass stems (stolons) and inject saliva. A chinch bug is about 1/5 of an inch long. Damaged areas appear as yellow to brown patches, and injury typically occurs first in grass that’s water-stressed or in full sun. Chinch Bug: A Turfgrass Enemy The most damaging insect pest of St. Augustine grass is the chinch bug. As their saliva enters the grass, root moisture cannot move throughout the turf's internal vessels, causing widespread damage. The damaging nymphal life stage of the chinch bug is bright red in color with a white stripe across its back. Chinch bug damage can be confused with lawn diseases and other physiological disorders. Chinch bug damage also can be difficult to distinguish from that caused by drought. But you should really look for the color of grass: If it’s yellow, the grass should recover. Chinch Bug Damage favors radiant heat sources such as driveways, sidewalks and streets Chinch Bug Life Cycle. Chinch bug damage can turn your lawn to hay very quickly. 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